Thiamin (vitamin B1) is the first among B complex group of vitamins to be identified and so named as vitamin B1. All the B complex vitamins are water soluble vitamins including thiamin. Thiamin is essential in the metabolism and utilization of carbohydrates. It functions in the decarboxylation of ?-ketoacids, like pyruvate ?-ketoglutarate, and branched chain amino acids and is a source of energy generation. Thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) acts as a coenzyme of carboxylase enzyme that causes activation of transketolase that mediates the conversion of hexose (like glucose with six carbon) and pentose (five carbon carbohydrates) phosphates. In thiamin deficiency there is accumulation of lactic acid and pyruvic acid in tissues and also in body fluids. Thiamin has also been postulated to play a role in peripheral nerve conduction, although the exact chemical reactions underlying this function are unknown.
Food Sources of Thiamin:
Thiamin is present in many food sources (both plant and animal sources) in nature in abundance. The vegetable or plant food sources of thiamin include whole grain cereals (wheat, maize, rice etc. although milling of rice removes considerable quantity of thiamin and other B complex vitamins from rice and can be commonest cause of thiamin deficiency in predominantly rice eating cultures), gram, yeast, legumes, pulses, nuts and oilseeds (groundnut or peanut), and many different fruits though fruits contains comparatively lesser quantity of thiamin. The animal food sources of thiamin are pork, beef, organ meat, fish, eggs, milk etc. Milk is an important source of thiamin in infants if the mother’s thiamin level in blood is satisfactory. In poor and underdeveloped countries the main source of thiamin is generally the cereal or whole grain (rice, wheat or maize, depending on the dietary habit).
Coffee, both regular and decaffeinated; tea, raw fish, shellfish, contain thiaminases an enzyme which can destroy thiamin and theoretically can cause thiamin deficiency or deplete thiamin stores in heavy tea or coffee drinkers.
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Well this is one easy question. The answer is yes. Of course the answer can get a bit more complicated but, simply put life insurance is like a car. You don’t need one, as in, you can get away with not having it but, overall, it makes your life considerably better. Insurance works similarly.
Life insurance is a failsafe, one that, should it ever come into play you won’t be able to enjoy. You might think that an insurance policy is something you do for others, then. Yes and no. A life insurance policy is something that you take out in order to make sure that you are fully and completely at ease if you were to pass away tomorrow. After all, you probably have people depending on you: a partner, kids or parents that will miss you and possibly go through financial hardship if you were to pass away. You take out the policy for them in case anything happens but you are the one who benefits from the policy during your lifetime. And not just from peace of mind.
Life insurance policies usually fall in two broad, general categories: term life insurance policies and full life insurance policies. The former are the type of policies you take out when traveling to a high risk area for a long time, like moving to a conflict area to work as a government contractor or working on an oil rig. Term life insurance policies have the benefits of generally being quite cheap, in that the premiums are quite small. Once the policy expires, however, you are no longer insured and you never get any money refunded. A whole life insurance is what people generally refer to as insurance. Whole life insurance can be adjusted through all sorts of provisions called ‘riders’ in the trade that can customize it for your particular needs. Whole life insurance also has the benefit of being something you can access if you really need to. You won’t get the money you put into it but if you need cash fast it can be the way to go. And as there are many insurance providers with drastically different rates, riders and provisions you should run a whole life insurance comparison before you commit to anything.
While there are many types of life insurance and there are many option for each types, not to mention providers willing to peddle them to you one thing is certain: you need life insurance if you want to rest easy at night and not worry over the future of your family.
A physician’s online presence is an extension of his or her identity, and must be protected with care. For a doctor, reputation is everything, and the environment of the internet can either do it a great service or deal it lasting damage.
While word of mouth from one patient to another remains important to building a practice these days, information found online has an enormous influence on patient behavior. Consumers increasingly rely on medical review sites to make choices about doctors. As the number of these sites increase, so does the breadth of any given doctor’s online presence.
Positive reviews online add to the luster of a successful practice. Even a familiar patient will find an online affirmation of a good choice reassuring. Discovering that your doctor is praised for his or her skill makes you more likely to pass along a recommendation and to continue as a patient. Even patients who hear good things about a doctor from friends or co-workers will probably check to see what others have to say about him or her online.
For a doctor who has had thousands of patients, positive reviews help to solidify his or her reputation. For a physician just starting out or beginning in a new office, a positive review can make all the difference. For any doctor, a bad review can be disastrous. Read more…
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Amenorrhea is absence of menstruation in a woman. There are many causes of secondary pathological amenorrhea and they are listed below:
- Obstruction (acquired) to the lower genital tract -lower genital tract injury due to operation, chemical burns etc. which can lead to stenosis (narrowing) of cervix and rarely of vagina.
- Ovarian factors of secondary pathological amenorrhea:
- Polycystic ovarian disease formerly known as Stein-Leventhal syndrome; hyperthecosis ovarii etc.
- Ovarian failure or hypo hormonal amenorrhea.
- Hyper hormonal amenorrhea-due to excess estrogen as seen in metropathia hemorrhagica and may be due to therapeutic use of hormone.
- Ovarian destruction of ovaries by disease (rare cause), radiation or surgical removal of ovaries known as oophorectomy.
- Premature menopause due to auto immune disease or due to ovarian resistance syndrome.
- Masculinizing tumors of ovaries like arrhenoblastoma, adrenal like tumors, hillus cell tumor, masculinizing luteoma etc.
- Hysterectomy or surgical removal of uterus.
- Destruction of endometrium of uterus due to-genital tuberculosis, attachment due to excess and vigorous curettage after abortion, or due to intra cavity introduction of radium in uterus.
- Basophil adenoma-Cushing’s disease.
- Acidophil tumor- which produce gigantism and acromegaly.
- Oral contraceptive pills and psychotropic drugs that cause hyperprolactinemia.
- Pituitary failure due to cyst, post partum pituitary necrosis (Sheehan’s syndrome), chromophobe adenoma, Simmond’s disease etc.
- Prolactinoma causing hormonal disturbance.
- Psychogenic causes- anorexia nervosa, stress, pituitary shock, vigorous exercise, pseudocyesis etc.
- Suppression of FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) due to persistence of luteotropic hormone as seen in Chiari-Frommel syndrome. Read more…
In today’s world, we are surrounded by more harmful chemicals and substances than ever before. With pesticides, herbicides, and genetically-modified items in the food supply, it is almost impossible to avoid harmful items in your food.
Because of this, many people are trying detoxification measures to help eliminate the dangerous substances in their bodies. If you are interested in detoxing, there are several factors that you’ll have to take into consideration at some point.
What is Detoxification?
Detoxification is a process that involves removing many of the negative items that are in the body. It involves cleansing the blood of harmful substances and it helps eliminate things that could lead to health problems in the future. This is done by temporarily changing the foods and drinks that you consume.
After your diet and routine have been changed for a certain amount of time, the toxins will make their way out of your body by going to the restroom or through sweat.
There are many different programs that one could follow on the way to detoxification. For example, you could take natural Detox Products to get a jump start on the process. You could eliminate certain things from your diet like sugar, alcohol, caffeine, wheat, starches, and gluten.
Some people go all out and eliminate everything that could possibly be harmful all at once. Others prefer to take a different approach and only remove one or two items at a time. Eating healthy foods like vegetables, fruits, and animal proteins will give you the nutrients you need during your detox.
How it Can Help
Are you the type of person who always feels tired or sluggish? Do you have trouble concentrating or staying focused? Do you often have indigestion or other stomach problems? If so, you may be a good candidate for detox. A good detox process can help you get past all of these problems relatively quickly in many cases.
If you are not used to going without caffeine for long periods, you may have some bad headaches when you start your detox. If you’re already sick or have some kind of disease, a detox diet may not be appropriate for you.
Overall, detoxing is something that most people could benefit from at some point. Look at some of the different plans and strategies that are out there to figure out if you should give detoxification a try.