2012 has come to an end, and with the start of 2013, people have already made their New Year’s resolution, the most frequent of resolutions, according to a recent study is to live healthier. Approximately 6 million smokers in the United Kingdom alone wish to quit smoking, but not all will succeed. For the most of them, the final cigarette isn’t as final as they’d wish it to be.
Thus, a question is raised. How will smokers find the perfect alternative to their unhealthy habit? There are a number of interesting alternatives, and the e-cigarette is probably the most controversial of them. However, this doesn’t mean it isn’t a good solution. It is no wonder that some many people have switched to the electronic cigarette, and amongst any beneficial effects, there are some very interesting perks for a vaper.
As a matter of fact, you will be happy to know that some e-cigarettes can help you lose weight. One of the most popular aromas, the chocolate one, very cherished by blu customers, will help you with your sweet cravings. If you have a soft spot for decadent deserts, you can choose to puff some chocolate flavored vapors. However, this chocolate flavor tastes more like homemade chocolate or cakes baked in an oven.
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Vitamin A is actually retinol. However, for practical purpose it also include a pro vitamin, pre formed vitamin, beta-carotene, retinoic acids, retinaldehyde, and oxidized metabolites etc. other than retinol. Some of the above are converted to retinol in the intestinal mucosa. The term retinoid include all the molecules that are chemically related to retinol. Retinaldehyde is the essential form of vitamin A that is required for normal vision and retinoic acid is necessary for normal morphogenesis, growth, and cell differentiation in our body.
The unit of vitamin A at present is “retinol activity equivalent” (RAE) and this is very convenient to use than the older form of IU (international unit). IU was in use before 1954 and after 1960 the unit “retinol” is used for vitamin-A alcohol that is available in crystalline form. 1 IU of vitamin A is equal to 0.03 microgram (mcg) of retinol. The following is the conversion:
1 microgram of retinol = to 1 mcg of RAE
1 mcg of carotinoid (beta carotene) = 0.084mcg of RAE
Vitamin A is commercially available in esterified forms (e.g., acetate, palmitate), because they are more stable forms of vitamin A.
There are more than 600 carotinoids available in the nature and out of that about 50 of them can be converted to or metabolized to vitamin A. Beta carotene is the commonest form of carotinoid that is available in our food with pro vitamin activity. In humans large percentage of carotinoids are absorbed and stored in liver and fat deposits.
Fats or lipids are solid at 20 degree Centigrade and fats are called “oils” if they are liquid at that temperature (20 degree centigrade). Fats and oils are very high source of energy and yield 9 kcal of energy per gram (compare to other two major sources of energy, carbohydrates and proteins which both yield about 4 kcal of energy per gram). Fats can be classified as (a) simple lipids like triglycerides, (b) compound lipids like phospholipids and (c) derived lipids like cholesterol.
Our body can synthesize cholesterol and triglycerides endogenously (within our body). Almost all of our body fat (about 99%) is stored in adipose tissue in the form of triglyceride. One kilogram of adipose tissue is equivalent to about 7700 kcal. So for loosing weight one has to burn 7700 kcal of energy just to loose 1 kg of body weight and loosing weight become extremely difficult. Adipose tissue constitute about 10-15 percent of body weight in normal subjects.
Fats on hydrolysis convert to fatty acids and glycerol. There are two types of fatty acids, saturated fatty acids and unsaturated fatty acids. Examples of saturated fatty acids are palmitic acid, stearic acid, lauric acid etc. Unsaturated fatty acids are further subdivided into mono unsaturated fatty acids (e.g. oleic acid) and poly unsaturated fatty acids (e.g. linoleic acid, linolenic acid, arachidonic acid etc.). Read more…
Every year, millions of people create New Year’s resolutions. The most popular resolutions are to lose weight, quit smoking and be more active. This indicates that most people have an emphasis on health in mind when creating their goals. Unfortunately, many people have a difficult time sticking with their resolutions. However, by employing the right strategies, you can be one of the select few that abide by your resolution.
Be Realistic and Prepared
Your resolution must be realistic. If you are a long-time couch potato, do not set the resolution of completing a triathlon in a few months. Instead, choose a more achievable resolution – such as running a 5K. When people choose overly ambitious resolutions, they become more likely to drop them when they become difficult.
The beginning is the most important part of a resolution. After you’ve chosen a realistic resolution, start preparing for it. For example, if your resolution is to lose weight, purchase a number of prepared healthy meals from http://diettogo.com/ to make eating healthy much easier. If you are prepared before starting your resolution, it will make it easier to get started. Once you get started and begin making progress, you will be more likely to stick with it.
Find Ways to Stay Motivated
As you move through the year, you will need to find sources of continual motivation to stick with it. The initial progress you make will help you get going, but you must continually find motivation to be ultimately successful. Read more…
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