The deficiency of thiamin is not a common problem these days (which was prevalent in many areas of the world only a few decades ago) although it is still prevalent in many developing countries. Due to improved socioeconomic conditions in many parts of the world and diversification of diet has resulted in reduction of thiamin deficiency. But manifestations of minor degrees of thiamin deficiency are still seen in many areas during nutritional surveys, which are calf tenderness, absence of ankle and knee jerks etc. Deficiency of thiamin is seen among chronic alcoholics in Western countries.
Thiamin (vitamin B1) deficiency is more common among rice eating population, where highly polished rice is eaten. The most of the thiamin in rice is present in the outermost layer of rice, which is removed during milling of rice and large portion of the vitamin is also lost during cooking (because thiamin is water soluble vitamin and destroyed during heating).
Thiamin (vitamin B1) deficiency mainly causes two types of deficiency disorders beriberi and Wernick’s encephalopathy. Beriberi mainly occurs in three forms namely dry beriberi, wet beriberi and infantile beriberi.
The manifestations of dry beriberi are mainly of nerve involvement like peripheral neuritis. Nutritional replacement of thiamin can solve the problem of peripheral neuritis. Read more…
Diabetes is a metabolic disorder with problem of carbohydrate metabolism and utilization of insulin for metabolism of carbohydrate (especially glucose). Diabetes is a common medical disorder that can affect individuals of any age, although individuals of past middle age with obesity, sedentary lifestyle and a genetic predisposition are at greater risk of diabetes, in compare to common people.
Common form of diabetes in type 2 diabetes, which is also known as NIDDM (non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus). Diabetes can prevented by regular physical exercise and by eating healthy diet that is suitable for diabetics. Proper diet and regular physical exercise can also help in reducing blood glucose level and make available insulin better utilized. In type 2 diabetes genetic factors play an important role in causation of the disease (unlike IDDM or insulin dependent diabetes mellitus).
Diet is very important in proper management of diabetes and blood sugar. It is important to eat a diet that is rich in dietary fibers and manage diabetes optimally. Several studies have shown that diet and regular physical exercise plays an important role in causation of diabetes.
Diet rich in fiber contain fewer calories and fewer carbohydrates. Fewer calories help in reducing obesity and fewer carbohydrates help in controlling blood sugar. Hence, eating high fiber diet by diabetics has dual benefits in diabetes (hence high fiber diet is recommended), better control of blood sugar and body weight reduction, which itself is good for optimal diabetes management. Hence, for better management of diabetes, all diabetics should know about various foods that are high in fiber content and make sure to eat these foods as daily diet. Read more…
For diabetics, dietary modification is an integral part of optimal management of diabetes. Amount of fiber and carbohydrate in the diet is very important for diabetics for control of blood glucose. Excess carbohydrate in the diet may make it very difficult to maintain blood sugar even with high doses of insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents/drugs. Cereals, vegetables and fruits should form a major portion of diet by diabetic individuals; hence planning of diet should focus on cereals, vegetables and fruits.
Most of the cereals, vegetables and fruits contain high amount of dietary fiber and good for diabetics. However, there are some cereals, vegetables and fruits that should be better avoided by diabetics, because they may cause rapid rise of blood sugar level in diabetic individuals.
Cereals for diabetes:
A diabetic should eat high fiber whole grains, such as whole wheat or whole-wheat flour, maize, brown rice, millet etc. However, one should avoid refined rice, white bread, noodles, macaroni etc. because they may cause rapid rise in blood sugar level. Read more…
Let’s face it – none of us want to get sick, do we? Unfortunately dealing with the occasional illness is an inevitable part of life. However, sometimes it can be more serious, meaning that instead of being able to treat yourself with over the counter medications or doctor prescribed pills, you need to have surgery in order to get better.
Planning any kind of medical treatment can be a stressful, but by doing plenty of research before your treatment takes place you can mitigate most of the stress. Even if you’re not sick already, knowing that you’ve planned for the worst can be comforting, allowing you to get on with the rest of your life!
There are so many medical centers and general surgeons around, but finding one you like, trust and feel comfortable with can be challenging. Luckily there are some amazing facilities that have great reviews from former patients, like the great team of physicians at Oklahoma City General Surgeons.
Well-equipped medical centers like this offer a range of surgical treatments and can guarantee state of the art facilities and an aftercare package that’s second to none. Here is a quick rundown of some of the treatments you could expect to receive: Read more…
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It is important to understand what is hypertension or high blood pressure. Hypertension is “the pressure exerted by the blood on its vessel wall, due to the volume of blood and speed of the blood flow”.
It is actually difficult to determine a cut-off blood pressure (both systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure) above which it can be considered hypertension. That is why, ideally we should consider a blood pressure, above which it put risk of hypertension related medical complications/complications in a significant number of people. In another simple word a blood pressure level above which one is at risk of developing complications (such as cardiovascular, renal, cerebral or brain and other complications) that are seen with individuals with hypertension.
Several studies have shown that systolic blood pressure of more than 115-120 mm of Hg and diastolic blood pressure of more than 80 mm of Hg, increases the risk of hypertensive complications in significant number of people. Therefore, ideally systolic blood pressure should be below 120 mm of Hg. The risks of cardiovascular and other complications of hypertension double with every 20 mm Hg increase in systolic pressure and 10 mm Hg increase in diastolic pressure. Read more…
People usually wonder whether the plastic surgeries that they are planning to have will provide the expected results. Plastic surgery has created a new trend worldwide to introduce individuals to enhanced and innovative procedures that can help them re-shape their figure or change the features they are not satisfied with. A plastic surgeon has played a vital role in this aspect. These surgeons and physicians are working day and night to develop new and refined techniques in order to create effective and minimally invasive procedures. One such procedure is Tummy Tuck which is also known as Abdominoplasty.
During this surgery, excess fat is removed and abdominal muscles and skin is tightened to flatten the tummy. It is an invasive procedure and require anesthesia, such as general anesthesia or intravenous sedation. Your surgeon will recommend the best procedure for you depending on your medical history and the type of procedure you prefer. Tummy tuck surgery is performed by making an incision and then weakened abdominal muscles are repaired and sutured while extra fat deposit, tissue and excess skin are removed. This procedure is undertaken by keeping in mind your body type and weight so that a firmer abdominal contouring can be achieved with proportionate results.
In every surgical procedure, surgeon plays a vital role by guiding his patient about the facts that are necessary to keep in mind before making a final decision. He will perform medical exams of your body to make sure you are healthy to have a surgery but it is equally important to be aware of the precautionary measures that are necessary for you to take before having tummy tuck surgery. You can ask your surgeon about the pros and cons of the procedure and how it will benefit you in the long run. Moreover, you should also be aware of the necessary care that you need to take after the surgery. Read more…
Over time, the essential understanding of molecular biology behind cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has improved. This is because the gene-protein interaction has allowed better prognostic models to prevail.
The quality of defibrillators has improved in recent times, translating in improved cardiac care and survival rate. One such successful model has been researched at the National Institute of Health. The work has been done by an umbrella organization, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. They have developed an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD).
The ICD has provided a good preventable model that allows the detector to send electrical pulses in case of a life threatening arrhythmias (irregular beat).
Also, patients with CVD have different daily routines, and may not be in a convenient location when help is needed. “Sudden cardiac arrest can happen without warning, and with no symptoms of heart disease,” says Philips Healthcare, underscoring why AED brands defibrillators are the appropriate response to an emergency. Fortunately, more and more patients are taking this threat seriously and investing in equipment that could very well keep them alive. Read more…
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High blood pressure has profound and serious affects on heart as well as in the vascular system. Hypertension is a risk factor for atherosclerosis (thickening of arteries, mainly due to deposition of cholesterol and other materials on the walls of blood vessels). Hypertension is also risk factor for heart failure, coronary artery disease (CAD), peripheral arterial disease (PAD), stroke, as well as kidney diseases such as renal/kidney failure.
How high blood pressure causes changes in heart?
If you are a patient of high blood pressure (hypertension), the most likely cause of your death is due to heart disease (congestive heart failure, heart attack or myocardial infarction). Hypertension causes structural and functional adaptations which leads to hypertrophy (enlargement) of left ventricle of heart (left ventricle is responsible of pumping of oxygen rich blood to various tissues and body parts), diastolic dysfunction (problem with filling of heart or diastole), congestive heart failure (CHF), as well as abnormalities of blood flow mainly due to changes in the coronary arteries (atherosclerosis) and micro-vascular disease. Read more…
Acai berry the superfood of the Amazon has many benefits. For hundreds of years the acai berry was cherished in the Amazon area (where acai berry grows wild in the rain forests and flood plains naturally) for its healing power and also for many more good qualities.
Some of the acai berry benefits are listed below:
- Weight loss for obese and overweight persons.
- Improvement of digestion power.
- Improved sleep (if you suffer from sleeplessness or insomnia).
- Increased energy and vitality.
- Stronger immune system.
- Improved mental clarity and thoughts and also improve concentration.
- Detoxification of toxic deposits of the body.
- Healthier and younger looking skin and youthful appearance.
- Healthier heart due to improved circulation and by reducing cholesterol content in blood.
From the above mentioned acai berry benefits it is clear that acai berry is one of the most effective natural food products available at present in the market. So no one should waste their valuable time and precious money using products that do not work and are not natural products. Instead of wasting time and money you should take acai berry supplements for overall improvement of your health.
One of the most important and sought after benefits of acai berry is weight loss in obese and overweight persons. Acai berry products are all natural and made from natural acai berry and there are no artificial products added to the acai berry products that may be harmful to the general health as a whole. One of the ways of acai berry in reducing body weight is by detoxifying your body of harmful toxins. Acai berry products are very rich in antioxidants and keep our body clean, healthy and free from excess pounds.
Acai berry is very reach and important source of proteins, dietary fibers, omega fatty acids (has a protective effect on the heart and cardiovascular system), many important vitamins, minerals and also important antioxidants (anthocyanins). Anthocyanins are one of the most powerful antioxidants available at present.
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