Nearly 50 million Americans suffer from knee pain. Painful knees can affect people of all ages, and the causes are many including knee joint injuries, inactivity and osteoarthritis, as well as the wear and tear of aging. But there are several things anyone can do to keep knees pain free and avoid knee replacement surgery.
The knees are key to mobility. From the time we learn to walk and run, they’re under stress. The knee joint is a complex arrangement of ligaments, muscles and bone, and as we move and age, those structures are vulnerable to stresses, injuries and even poor diet. Here are five ways to ease knee pain – and keep your knees pain free.
Take a Walk
Humans were designed to walk on two legs. Especially if you’re sedentary, taking a walk can help keep knees strong and flexible. Keep your walks easy and pace yourself. If walking isn’t a part of your routine, ease into it and save hi8gh intensity fitness walking for later. Consider a hiking pole or fitness poles for stability. Walking can also be a good warm-up for knee exercises.
The gentle sustained stretches of yoga can ease knee pain and restore flexibility. If you’re new to yoga or very stiff, yoga props such as straps and blocks can help you get into the flow. Yoga has been used by injured athletes to speed recovery and by pool with joint and autoimmune disorders to maintain flexibility.
Do Sitting Exercises
Many of us spend too much time sitting, and that leads to knee stiffness as well as weakness in the core, glutes and back muscles – all of which play a role in stability and easing stress on the knees. Sitting exercises such as raising the legs and hips can increase knee joint flexibility and reduce pain.
Cycle or Spin
Cycling, whether on a stationary bike or taking a ride around the neighborhood, is a low impact way to keep the knees pain free and flexible. It places less stress on vulnerable joints than high impact activates like ruining, and also strengthens hips, back and the abdominal core to improve overall stability.
Change Your Diet
Knee health is a part of overall health, and adding vitamins and nutrients to your diet can also help reduce knee pain. Anti-inflammatory foods like salmon, eggs and olive oil can help painful knees, and so can adding more Vitamin E and C in the form of food or supplements. Calcium and Vitamin D also contribute to healthy, pain free knees, so consider adding generous amounts of low fat dairy products such as yogurt and cheese.
Knee pain doesn’t have to be a part of life. Diet, exercise and regular activity can help anyone keep knees healthy and pain free – and avoid knee surgery.
There is no clearly known deficiency disorder of vitamin E. But there is also no doubt that humans need tocopherol or vitamin E in his diet. The deficiency of vitamin E is seen only after resection of small intestine and in prolonged malabsorptive diseases, like celiac disease. There is also a very rare familial form of vitamin E deficiency disease, which is due to defect in alpha-tocopherol transport protein.
Children may develop vitamin E deficiency due to prolonged cholestasis (stasis of bile) or cystic fibrosis of long duration and this is characterized by hemolytic anemia and areflexia. If children suffer from abetalipoproteinemia, they develop vitamin E deficiency very rapidly as they can not absorb or transport vitamin E.
Symptoms of Vitamin E Deficiency:
Vitamin E deficiency causes degeneration of large myelinated axons. Peripheral neuropathy is also a major sign which is characterized by at first areflexia that progresses to ataxic gait and decrease in position and vibration sensation. Pigmented retinopathy, ophthalmoplegia and skeletal myopathy are some other symptoms of vitamin E deficiency. Deficiency of vitamin E increases virulence of viral infection due to increase in viral mutation.
Diagnosis of Vitamin E Deficiency:
Laboratory diagnosis of vitamin E deficiency is done by measuring the blood levels of ? tocopherols. Vitamin E deficiency is if the level of ? tocopherol is less than 5µgm/ml or ? tocopherol is less than 0.8 mg per gram of total lipids. Read more…
Vitamin E is the name of a group of closely related compounds that occurs in nature as fat soluble compounds called “tocopherols” and “tocotrienols”. Out of all the tocopherols, the alpha tocopherol is the most active and potent.
Sources of Vitamin E:
Vitamin E is widely distributed in nature, both in plant sources as well as animal sources. The rich plant sources of vitamin E are vegetable oils (tocopherols are present in sunflower oil, cotton seed oil, safflower oil, wheat germ oil etc. and gamma tocotrienols are present in corn oil and Soya bean oil etc.), nuts, cereals and foods that are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Fruits and vegetables contain small amount of vitamin E. Rich animal source of vitamin D includes meat, egg (mainly egg yolk), butter, milk etc.
Daily Requirement of Vitamin E:
Daily recommended dose of vitamin E or RDA (recommended daily allowance) is dependent on the amount of essential fatty acids we consume. The more essential fatty acid consumption the more is the requirement of vitamin E. But the requirement is about 0.8mg/gram of essential fatty acid consumption. RDA is 15 mg/ day and the requirement is higher if more polyunsaturated fat is consumed.
Functions of vitamin E:
Vitamin E acts as a chain breaking antioxidant and is efficient in removing the chemicals that protects low density lipoproteins (LDLs) and polyunsaturated fats in membranes from oxidation. Other antioxidants like vitamin C helps to keep vitamin E in remaining reduced state. Vitamin E also inhibits synthesis of prostaglandins. Vitamin E is essential for optimal skin health.
Other Advantages of Vitamin E:
There are many other advantages of vitamin E, but these advantages can not be proved strongly. Vitamin E at high dose may prevent retrolental fibroplasia (opacity of cornea in premature infants due to administration of pure 100% oxygen after delivery or birth), bronchopulmonary dysplasia and intraventricular hemorrhage of premature infants. Vitamin E is supposed to have aphrodisiac effect. Vitamin E is also used in treatment of slowing aging process and intermittent claudication. High doses (60–800 mg/d) of vitamin E have been shown to improve immune function and to reduce colds in nursing home residents. When vitamin E is combined with other antioxidants, it can prevent macular degeneration of eye.
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