Even before you get to that time of the month, it is likely that you will experience some of the feelings which go hand in hand with Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS). Some women experience extreme discomfort; cramps in the stomach, tender breasts, bloating, tiredness, and even have trouble sleeping. There can also be an emotional effect of the time just before and during your period; anxiety and irritability are particularly common.
Finding the root cause
Every month your hormones sweep through a wide curve, from being fully able to support new life to clearing out your body ready to start again. For all these processes to work there are large changes in the quantities of two hormones in particular; estrogen and progesterone. In order to keep the harmony and balance in your body the swing in hormones is balanced by your other hormones. However, the body cannot always react quickly enough, particularly when the hormone cortisol is released in reaction to a stressful situation. Any adjustment to your hormone situation can cause mood swings and irritability.
It is possible to get prescription medicine which will deal with the symptoms of PMS, although not necessarily the underlying issue. Cognitive therapy and lifestyle changes have been shown to help combat PMS. However, the latest research suggests that supplements, in particular vitamins and minerals, can assist with controlling the body’s cycle. This results in a reduction of the symptoms:
Calcium has always been known as an essential nutrient for bone health. The latest research suggests that, by taking approximately 1000mg of calcium per day, the effects of PMS are drastically diminished. A reduction in fatigue, appetite changes and cases of depression were observed.
This herb comes from the fruit of a tree and has been linked with a reduction in breast tenderness, headaches and even irritability.
- Vitamin B6
This vitamin helps your immune system, metabolism and nervous system. It is thought that by boosting the operation of these processes the effects of PMS will be greatly diminished. However, high levels of B6 in your body can have serious consequences for your health; you should always consult a medical professional before taking it.
A deficiency in Magnesium will leave you feeling tired and more vulnerable to disease. This will increase the effects and ability to cope with PMS.
- Vitamin E
There is an increasing amount of evidence which shows that vitamin E can be beneficial to those with PMS. A daily dose has been shown to reduce the tenderness in your breasts; although research is continuing regarding the exact reasons for this.
- Dong Quai
This is often called Chinese Angelic and has been used for centuries to relieve fatigue and help you feel more energetic and ready for life.
This herb has been used to treat a variety of conditions over the years. These conditions include depression, erectile dysfunction, low immune system and even weak bones. It helps to balance your hormones and reduces the pain associated with PMS.
- Black Cohosh
This herb is known to help reduce irritability and tiredness; both common PMS issues.
- Lemon Balm
The calming effect of this natural substance has always been associated with soothing and calming the mind. Research suggests that this calming affect can help women with PMS by reducing anxiety and encouraging better sleep patterns.
- Wild Yams
This is a traditional treatment for those with menstrual pains. It has been shown to be particularly effective if you have high estrogen levels.
Burdock is a plant supplement which introduces plant based steroids into your body. These work alongside your liver to help metabolize hormones quickly and keep your hormones in balance; reducing the effects of PMS.
Although known for its memory restoring properties, Ginkgo is actually a very helpful supplement for those suffering with PMS. It has been shown to reduce both fluid retention and breast tenderness.
- Starflower oil
Due to high concentrations of GLA (gamma linoleic acid), starflower oil helps calm and even prevent premenstrual syndrome. Made of borage seeds, starflower oil for PMS may get you back on your feet before you know it.
After your breast surgery is completed, the incision will have gauze dressing and will be wrapped in a surgical bra or bandage to hold your breasts in place. During the first or second day, you might experience pain or discomfort. Your surgeon will prescribe medicine for pain and discomfort.
Showering : The doctor will advise you not to go for a bath for the first few days after surgery.
Surgical Bra : The drainage tube and bandages should be removed two days after the surgery but the doctor will advise you to wear the surgical bra for a month.
Exercising : During the first couple of weeks after breast reconstructions, you should limit exercises to bending, stretching and swimming up until your stamina returns. Avoid heavy pushing or lifting for one month.
Watch Your Drains : Instead of allowing swelling around the area where your surgery was done, your surgeon will install clear hoses for gradually draining your fluids. You should track the amount of fluid going out to help your doctor determine the right time to take of your drains- normally after 1-2 weeks.
Be on the Look Out for Lymphedema : One of the major occurrences during post surgery recovery is a condition known as lymphedema. This condition affects only 25% of patients that have undergone breast surgery. The major symptom for lymphedema is that your arm swells up in the area where your lymph nodes were removed.
How to Prepare for Recovery : You should be prepared to spend at least two weeks at home. During your recovery after surgery, you will be limited to light activities like watching television and reading. It is also advisable to read magazines and books. The following are other tips you should do:
- Stock your house with meals that are easy to fix such as frozen dinners. Buy canned drinks and bendable straws instead of using heavy bottles for beverages.
- Have frozen peas or soft ice packs for applying to sore areas.
- Put cups and plates and other items in low places that are easy to reach.
- Have slippers or slip on shoes to prevent you from bending down.
- Use button front tops to avoid pulling clothes over your head.
- Have a cotton sports bra that has no seams and which hooks in front.
- Have several pillows on hand.
How Long Does Full Recovery Take? : Breasts do not get their final shape as soon as the surgery is complete. It might take six months to recover from surgery. The scars you will get from surgery are permanent and can remain red and lumpy for months. The scars become less noticeable with time and usually fade and become thin white lines.
It could take a while for you to adjust to your new look but you should be patient. Breast and areola reduction surgery is a cosmetic procedure that has shown the highest rate of patient satisfaction compared to other procedures. A majority of the women who go through this surgery are satisfied with the results.
Deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamin) can cause two major deficiency disorders in humans, beriberi and Wernick’s encephalopathy. That is why it is very important to prevent deficiency of thiamin and prevent the deficiency disorders. The prevention of deficiency of thiamin is not difficult, it can be done by educating people about the deficiency disorders and how to prevent them.
Recommended daily allowance of thiamin:
The requirement of thiamin is not fixed like many other vitamins. The requirement of thiamin is based on the number of calorie intake per day and it is approximately 0.5 mg per thousand kilo calorie (Kcal) of food intake per day (if a person is consuming 2000 Kcal per day he/she need 1 mg of thiamin in diet). The body storage of thiamin is approximately 30 mg and if more thiamin is consumed, it is lost in the urine (as thiamin is a water soluble vitamin).
Prevention of thiamin deficiency:
Thiamin deficiency disorders (beriberi and Wernick’s encephalopathy) can be eliminated by educating people (wherever it is prevalent) to take balanced, mixed diet with rich thiamin foods. In rice eating regions rice should be undermilled and preferably parboiled (undermilling and parboiling prevents loss of thiamin from rice). Alcohol consumption should be stopped (reduced). Food rich in thiamin are fresh vegetables, gram, yeast, legumes, pulses etc. and should be consumed in liberal amounts. Read more…
Niacin deficiency in diet cause pellagra and it is a serious disease. Pellagra is a preventable serious disease and prevention of pellagra and other niacin deficiency disorders is not difficult at all.
What is the daily requirement of niacin?
The daily requirement of niacin (RDA or Recommended Daily Allowance of niacin) is approximately 6.6 mgs per 1000 kcal of energy intake e.g. if a person is consuming 3,000 kcal of energy per day he/she will require 19.8 mgs of niacin per day. For adults the normal requirement is generally 15-20 mgs per day. During pregnancy additional 2 mgs per day is required and during lactation (breast feeding) and additional 3 mgs per day is required. For infants the daily requirement is approximately 650-700 mcg per kilo of body weight.
The main aspect of prevention of niacin deficiency and pellagra is to educate the vulnerable population about the seriousness of the disease and also to make them understand that pellagra is easily preventable. The only thing required to prevent pellagra is to bring some variation in the food we eat and addition of milk and any food of animal origin is enough to prevent niacin deficiency and pellagra which is universally accepted as the way of prevention of pellagra. As niacin deficiency and pellagra is generally seen only in maize eating population addition of another cereal with maize in the staple diet can also prevent the disease to some extent. Read more…
Deficiency of vitamin K is mostly seen in infants. In adults the deficiency of vitamin K is not common. The causes of vitamin K deficiency in infants and adults are different.
In adults the deficiency of vitamin K is mainly due to chronic small intestinal disease like celiac disease, Crohn’s disease, in patients with obstruction of biliary tract or due to resection of small intestine. Treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics like tetracycline, chloramphenicol etc. can lead to aggravation of vitamin K deficiency by reducing the intestinal flora which synthesize menaquinones, and by inhibiting the metabolism of vitamin K. In patients with warfarin (an anti coagulant) therapy, the hypoloipidemic drug Orlistat can lead to INR (international normalized ratio) changes due to vitamin K mal absorption.
The diagnosis of vitamin K deficiency is usually made on the basis of an increased prothrombin time, reduced clotting factors and also by directly measuring vitamin K level in blood. Read more…